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Bromine

Who is at risk?

Bromine is widely used in the production of flame retardants.

Bromine is also used in the agricultural industry as a powerful pesticide.

Odour

Bleach-like odour

Toxicity

Bromine is a severe irritant and cannot be tolerated over 10 parts per million.

High levels of bromine can cause disturbances in the central nervous system and is highly corrosive to human tissue.

Acute Exposure

Concentration Effect
0.006 ppm Irritation to eyes
> 0.3 ppm Odour detectable in air
0.2 - 0.5 ppm Nose and throat irritation, cough, headache
> 0.5 ppm Intolerable
40 - 60 ppm Toxic pneumonitis, pulmonary oedema
1000 ppm Fatal within a few minutes

Exposure Controls & Protection

Bromine storage and handling facilities must be equipped with an eyewash station and safety shower.

The airborne concentrations must be kept low through adequate ventilation.

Leak Detection & Monitoring

Engineering controls are the most effective method of reducing exposure.

NFPA 704 Signal

  Hazard Value Description
Health 3 Can cause serious or permanent injury.
Flammability 0 Will not burn under typical fire conditions.
Instability 0 Normally stable, even under fire conditions
Special OX Possesses oxidizing properties