Chlorine is widely used as a powerful disinfectant in water treatment plants and sewage treatment works.
It is also used as a common bleaching agent in many manufacturing industries – particularly in the production of paper and plastics.
Chlorine is very toxic in both gas and liquid form. When in contact with moisture, hydrochloric acid is formed which is highly corrosive and damaging to the eyes, throat and lungs.
|1–3 ppm||Mild irritation to eyes nose and throat|
|3-5 ppm||Stinging or burning in eyes, nose and throat|
|5-10 ppm||Severe irritation of the eyes, nose and throat|
|50 ppm||Immediate difficulty breathing|
|400 ppm||Lethal after 30 minutes|
|1000 ppm||Fatal after a few breaths|
Instrumentation is the most reliable and accurate method for Chlorine leak detection. Leak detectors can be integrated into an alarm system for 24 hour monitoring.
|Health||4||Can be lethal.|
|Flammability||0||Will not burn under typical fire conditions.|
|Instability||0||Normally stable, even under fire conditions|
|Special||OX||Possesses oxidizing properties|